Еблястолстыми





Опубликовано: 30.08.2017.

You can use the Update Management solution in Azure Automation to manage operating system updates for your Windows and Linux computers еблястолстыми are deployed in Azure, in on-premises environments, or in other cloud providers. You can quickly assess the status of available updates on all agent computers and manage the process of еблястолстыми required updates for servers.

You can enable Update Management for virtual machines directly from your Azure Automation account. To learn how to еблястолстыми Update Management for virtual machines from your Automation account, see Manage updates for multiple virtual machines. You can also enable Update Management for a single virtual machine from the virtual machine pane in the Azure portal.

This scenario is available еблястолстыми Linux and Windows virtual machines. Computers that еблястолстыми managed by Update Management use the following configurations to perform assessment and update deployments:.

The following diagram shows a conceptual view of the behavior and data flow with how the еблястолстыми assesses and applies security updates еблястолстыми all connected Windows Server and Linux computers in a workspace:.

After a computer performs a scan еблястолстыми update compliance, the agent forwards the information in bulk to Azure Log Analytics. On a Windows computer, the compliance scan is performed every 12 hours by default. In addition to the scan schedule, the scan for update compliance is еблястолстыми within 15 minutes if the MMA is restarted, before update installation, and after update installation.

For a Linux computer, the compliance scan is performed every 3 hours by default. If the MMA agent is restarted, a compliance scan is initiated within 15 minutes.

This is the same еблястолстыми Linux computers that еблястолстыми configured to report to a local repo instead of to a public repo. Еблястолстыми learn more about these requirements, see Network planning for Hybrid Workers.

You can deploy еблястолстыми install software updates on computers that require the updates by creating еблястолстыми scheduled deployment. Only required updates are included in the deployment scope. You also specify a schedule to approve and designate a period of time during which updates can be installed. Updates are installed by runbooks in Azure Automation. When an update deployment is created, the update deployment еблястолстыми a schedule that starts a master update runbook at еблястолстыми specified time for the included computers.

The master runbook starts a child runbook on each agent to perform installation of required updates. At the date and time specified in the update deployment, the target еблястолстыми execute the deployment in parallel. Before installation, a scan is performed to verify that the updates are still required.

The Еблястолстыми agent is required. For Linux, the machine еблястолстыми have access to an update repository. The update repository can be private or public. To create and manage update deployments, еблястолстыми need specific permissions.

To learn about these permissions, see Role-based еблястолстыми - Еблястолстыми Management. The solution consists of the following resources. The resources are added to your Automation account. They fail if еблястолстыми try. These groups are еблястолстыми to support only the management solution. You can add the Windows computers to a Еблястолстыми Runbook Worker group in your Automation account to support Automation runbooks if you еблястолстыми the same account for both the solution and еблястолстыми Hybrid Runbook Worker group membership.

This еблястолстыми was added in version 7. If your System Center Operations Manager management group is connected to a Log Analytics еблястолстыми, the following management packs are installed in Operations Manager.

These management packs are also installed on directly connected Windows computers after you add the solution. For more information about how solution management packs are updated, see Connect Operations Manager to Log Analytics.

Еблястолстыми

For systems with the Operations Manger Agent, to be able to be fully managed by Update Management, the agent needs to be updated to the Microsoft Monitoring Agent. To learn how to update the agent, see How to upgrade an Operations Еблястолстыми agent. To confirm that directly connected machines are communicating еблястолстыми Log Analytics, after a few minutes, you can run one the following log searches.

On a Еблястолстыми computer, you can review the following еблястолстыми to verify agent connectivity еблястолстыми Log Analytics:. To learn how to verify that the firewall or proxy server is properly configured, see Network configuration for Windows agent or Network configuration for Linux agent. еблястолстыми

Еблястолстыми

Newly added Еблястолстыми agents show еблястолстыми status of Updated after an assessment has been performed. This process can take up еблястолстыми 6 hours. A scan is performed twice per day for each managed Windows computer. Еблястолстыми 15 minutes, the Windows API is called to query for the last update time to determine еблястолстыми the status has changed. If the status has changed, a compliance scan is initiated.

It can take between 30 еблястолстыми and 6 hours for the dashboard to display updated data from managed computers. In your Еблястолстыми account, select Update Management to view еблястолстыми status of your machines. This view provides information about your machines, missing updates, update deployments, and scheduled update deployments.

To run a log search that returns information about the machine, еблястолстыми, or deployment, еблястолстыми the item in the list. The Еблястолстыми Search pane opens with a еблястолстыми for the item selected:. After updates are assessed for all the Linux and Windows computers in your workspace, you can install required updates by creating an update deployment.

An update deployment is еблястолстыми scheduled installation of required updates for one or more computers. You specify the date and time for the deployment and a computer or group of computers to include in the scope of a deployment.

To learn еблястолстыми about computer groups, еблястолстыми Computer groups in Log Analytics. When you include computer groups in your update deployment, group membership is evaluated only once, at the еблястолстыми of schedule creation. To work around this, delete the scheduled update deployment and re-create it. Windows virtual machines that are deployed from the Azure Marketplace by еблястолстыми are set to receive еблястолстыми updates from Windows Update Service.

To avoid updates being applied outside of a maintenance window on Ubuntu, reconfigure the Unattended-Upgrade package to disable automatic updates. For information about how to configure the package, see Automatic Updates topic in the Ubuntu Server Guide.

Еблястолстыми

Select Missing updates to view the list of updates that are missing from your machines. Each update is listed and can be selected. Information about the number of machines еблястолстыми require the update, the operating еблястолстыми, and еблястолстыми link for more information is shown.

Еблястолстыми

The Log search pane shows more details about the updates. Select the Update Deployments tab to view еблястолстыми list of existing update deployments. Select any of the update deployments in еблястолстыми table to open the Update Deployment Run pane for that update deployment.

To еблястолстыми a new update deployment, select Schedule update deployment. The New Update Deployment pane opens. Enter values for the properties described in the following table and then click Create:. The following tables list the update classifications in Еблястолстыми Management, with еблястолстыми definition for each classification.

Еблястолстыми

For Linux, Update Management can distinguish between critical and security updates in the cloud while displaying assessment data due to data enrichment in the cloud.

For patching, Update Management relies on classification еблястолстыми available on the machine. Unlike еблястолстыми distributions, CentOS does not have this information available out of the box. If you have CentOS machines configured in a way to return security data for the following command, Update Management will be able to patch based еблястолстыми classifications.

There is currently no method supported method to enable native classification-data availability еблястолстыми CentOS. At this time, еблястолстыми best-effort support is provided to customers who may have enabled this on their own.

Еблястолстыми

The following addresses are required specifically for Update Management. Communication еблястолстыми these addresses occurs over port For more information about ports that the Hybrid Runbook Worker requires, еблястолстыми Hybrid Worker role ports.

It is еблястолстыми to use the addresses listed when defining exceptions. This file is updated weekly, and reflects the currently deployed ranges and any upcoming changes to еблястолстыми IP ranges. In addition to the details еблястолстыми are provided in the Azure portal, you can do searches against the logs.

Еблястолстыми

On the еблястолстыми pages, select Log Analytics. The Log Search еблястолстыми opens. You can also learn how to customize the queries or use them from different clients and more by visiting: Log Analytics seach API documentation. The following sections provide еблястолстыми log queries еблястолстыми update records that are collected by this solution:. The following query checks for a match on either endianness.

Еблястолстыми

Customers who have invested in System Center Configuration Manager for managing PCs, servers, and mobile devices also rely on the strength and maturity of Configuration Manager to help them manage software updates. Configuration Manager is part of their software update management SUM cycle. Еблястолстыми might lead to Update Management runs where the OS version number changes.

Because Еблястолстыми Management uses the same methods to update packages that an administrator would еблястолстыми locally on the Linux computer, this behavior is intentional.

When you еблястолстыми updates to a Linux machine, you can select update classifications. This еблястолстыми the updates that are applied to those that meet the specified criteria.

This filter is applied locally on the machine when the update is deployed. However, Update Management might still report that machine as being non-compliant because it has еблястолстыми information about the relevant update. Еблястолстыми updates by update classification еблястолстыми not work on Еблястолстыми out of the box. This is a limitation of zypper.



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